Any woman should be interested in the nature of their vaginal discharge and in which case promptly seek medical attention. Unfortunately, not everyone is able to understand the normal and pathological secretions, which sometimes leads them to panic. Very often women are turning to the gynecologist with complaints of mucus. Although, if you look, mucus is one of the most common normal. Despite the fact that white vaginal subject to change levels of sex hormones and vary depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle, normally they always have a mucous consistency and do not deliver inconveniences.
Vaginal discharge is nothing but a reflection of female reproductive system, forming as a result of the secretory function of sexual organs. First of all, the appearance of mucous secretions associated with the work of the ovaries (where synthesized hormones). It becomes clear that normal girls aged one month and approximately ten years no any discharge from the genital tract. This time period is called physiological rest (ovaries are “sleeping” state, menstrual function is absent, and there is no egg maturation). After nine years of age when a girl begins puberty, the ovaries work included, and there are periodic teen vaginal discharge. By appearance they resemble mucus raw egg white or rice broth. Since the beginning of the menstrual function selection are cyclical and change their properties in each phase of the cycle.
The greatest number of mucous secretions occurs in one – two days before ovulation and during it. This is the maximum concentration of estrogen. A few days before menstruation allocation become milky color or type of rice broth that results from the action of progesterone. Immediately after menstruation discharge amount is minimal, as the level of sex hormones dramatically reduced.
The composition of vaginal discharge consists of the following components:
cervical mucus glands;
uterine epithelium mucus;
mucus Bartholin glands (glands vestibule);
secret sebaceous and sweat glands of the skin of the vulva;
transudate plasma and lymph (from the pores of the vagina);
red blood cells, platelets and white blood cells;
Characteristics of discharge
Normal or physiological mucus must meet the following requirements:
their number should not exceed more than two millilitres per day;
acidic environment (provided fermented milk bacteria);
the allocation should be transparent or have milk color;
the allocation should not smell or have a slightly sour smell;
vaginal discharge should not bring discomfort (itching and burning genitals, sleep disturbance, pain during intercourse).
As you know, the vagina has the ability to self-clean. Factors protection sheath numerous and for any violation of mucus acquire an unpleasant smell, and the patient complains of discomfort vulva.
Vaginal self-cleaning mechanism includes:
normal estrogen in the body;
glycogen in the epithelial cells (produced by lactic acid bacteria);
the presence of lactic acid bacteria and lactic acid;
a pH of vaginal discharge;
belyah presence of immune factors.
Before abnormal mucous secretions, primarily resulting infection transmitted sexually. In addition, the vaginal microbiota violations are: antibiotics and cytostatics, treatment with hormones, endocrine diseases (diabetes, hyperthyroidism, etc.), the use of hormonal contraception and decreased immunity.
Bold in pregnancy
Normally, mucus during pregnancy occur in up to twelve weeks. Color vaginal discharge may be different as whitish or yellowish and transparent. For consistency allocation resemble jelly, thick and often form lumps. This is the result of progesterone. Thick mucus filling the cervical canal and form a mucus plug that prevents infection penetrate the uterine cavity.
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